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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Pan JM, Zou XH, Wang X, Guan W, Yan YS, Han JA
Article Title: Selective recognition of 2,4-dichlorophenol from aqueous solution by uniformly sized molecularly imprinted microspheres with β-cyclodextrin/attapulgite composites as support.
Publication date: 2010
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal
Volume: 162
Issue: (3)
Page numbers: 910-918.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2010.06.039
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TFJ-50G06FM-7/2/0bacc7de4e322fa709ea9c9356c00eb1

Abstract: In this study, uniformly sized molecularly imprinted microspheres (MIP) using β-cyclodextrin/attapulgite composites as support were prepared for recognitive adsorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) from aqueous solution. Characterization of MIP were achieved by FT-IR spectra, SEM micrographs, nitrogen adsorption-desorption analysis, EDX measurement and elemental analysis. Equilibrium data, at various temperatures, were described by the Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models. The thermodynamics parameters (positive values of Δ H and Δ S, negative values of Δ G) indicated that binding system for MIP was endothermic, entropy gained and spontaneous. Kinetic properties were successfully investigated by pseudo-first-order model, pseudo-second-order model, intraparticle diffusion equation, initial adsorption rate, half-adsorption time and activation energy. A diffusion-controlled process as the essential adsorption rate-controlling step was also proposed. MIP could be reused four times without significant loss in adsorption capacity. The selectivity of MIP also demonstrated higher affinity for target 2,4-DCP over competitive phenolic compounds than that of non-imprinted polymers (NIP)
Template and target information: 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,4-DCP
Author keywords: Surface-imprinting technique, Uniformly sized molecularly imprinted microspheres, 2,4-Dichlorophenol, selective recognition, β-Cyclodextrin, attapulgite composites

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