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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Lopes Pinheiro SC, Descalzo AB, Raimundo IM, Orellana G, Moreno-Bondi MC
Article Title: Fluorescent ion-imprinted polymers for selective Cu(II) optosensing.
Publication date: 2012
Journal: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume: 402
Issue: (10)
Page numbers: 3253-3260.
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-011-5620-0

Abstract: This paper describes the synthesis and characterization of a fluorescent ion-imprinted polymer (IIP) for selective determination of copper ions in aqueous samples. The IIP has been prepared using a novel functional monomer, 4-[( E )-2-(4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridin-4-yl)vinyl]phenyl methacrylate (abbreviated as BSOMe) that has been spectroscopically characterized in methanolic solution, in the absence and in the presence of several metal ions, including Cd(II), Cu(II), Hg(II), Ni(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II). The stability constant (2.04 x 10 8 mol-2 l2 ) and stoichiometry (L2 M) of the BSOMe complex with Cu(II) were extracted thereof. Cu(II)-IIPs were prepared by radical polymerization using stoichiometric amounts of the fluorescent monomer and the template metal ion. The resulting cross-linked network did not show any leaching of the immobilized ligand allowing determination of Cu(II) in aqueous samples by fluorescence quenching measurements. Several parameters affecting optosensor performance have been optimized, including sample pH, ionic strength, or polymer regeneration for online analysis of water samples. The synthesized Cu(II)-IIP exhibits a detection limit of 0.04 μmol l-1 for the determination of Cu(II) in water samples with a reproducibility of 3%, exhibiting an excellent selectivity towards the template ion over other metal ions with the same charge and close ionic radius. The IIP-based optosensor has been repeatedly used and regenerated for more than 50 cycles without a significant decrease in the luminescent properties and binding affinity of the sensing phase
Template and target information: copper ion, Cu(II)
Author keywords: optical sensors, fluorescence, MIP, Heavy metals, copper ions


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