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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Chen ZH, Álvarez-Pérez M, Navarro-Villoslada F, Moreno-Bondi MC, Orellana G
Article Title: Fluorescent sensing of "quat" herbicides with a multifunctional pyrene-labeled monomer and molecular imprinting.
Publication date: 2014
Journal: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume: 191
Page numbers: 137-142.
DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2013.09.097
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400513011507

Abstract: A strongly blue-fluorescent disulfonated pyrenedimethacrylamide has been synthesized and its spectroscopic features tested in the presence of diquat (DQ) and paraquat (PQ) herbicides in water. UVGÇôvis absorption revealed the formation of a 1:1 complex between the probe and the "quats", the strongest binding with DQ occurring in acetonitrile (K = 1.84 x 106 M-1). Subsequent incorporation of the new pyrene derivative into cross-linked poly(acrylate-acrylamide) films as a fluorosensor afforded membranes able to detect waterborne diquat and paraquat herbicides by selective charge-transfer interaction. The film recognition features were enhanced by electrostatic interactions and molecular imprinting by preparing the sensing polymer layer in the presence of 1,1'-biphenyl-2,2'-diammonium ion as a surrogate of the target analytes. The sensor detection limits found are 162 and 281 nM for DQ for PQ, respectively, with good reproducibility (RSD < 4%, n = 4) in the calibration range (up to 9 μM)
Template and target information: diquat, DQ, paraquat, PQ
Author keywords: fluorescence, Pyreneacrylamide, Bipyridinium herbicides, molecularly imprinted polymer, complexation

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