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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Zhou J, Gan N, Li TH, Hu FT, Li X, Wang LH, Zheng L
Article Title: A cost-effective sandwich electrochemiluminescence immunosensor for ultrasensitive detection of HIV-1 antibody using magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers as capture probes.
Publication date: 2014
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume: 54
Page numbers: 199-206.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2013.10.044
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095656631300746X

Abstract: In this report, a rapid and cost-effective sandwich electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor was constructed for the ultrasensitive detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 antibody (anti-HIV-1) using magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers (MMIPs) as capture probes by combining surface and epitope imprinting techniques and antigen conjugated with horseradish peroxidase (HRP-HIV-1) as labels. First, 3-aminobenzeneboronic acid (APBA) was used as the functional monomer and cross-linking reagent, which was polymerized on the surface of silicate-coated magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs) in the presence of human immunoglobulin G (HIgG), as the template exhibiting the same Fc region but different Fab region to anti-HIV-1 after the addition of the initiator, ammonium persulfate. This process resulted in grafting a hydrophilic molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) film on the Fe3O4@SiO2 NPs. Thus, MMIPs, which could be reused after eluting the template, were used to recognize and enrich ultra-trace levels of anti-HIV-1. Subsequently, a novel sandwich ECL immunosensor was formed through the immunoreaction between MMIPs conjugated with varied concentrations of anti-HIV-1 and HRP-HIV-1. By the catalysis of HRP immobilized onto HRP-HIV-1 on the ECL system of Luminol-H2O2, a linear response range of the anti-HIV-1 dilution ratio (standard positive serum) was achieved from 1:20,000 to 1:50, with a detection limit of 1:60,000 (S/N=3). The developed method provides a low-cost, simple, and sensitive way for the early diagnosis of HIV infected patients
Template and target information: protein, antibody, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 antibody, anti-HIV-1
Author keywords: Sandwich electrochemiluminescence immunosensor, surface imprinting, Epitope imprinting, Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 antibody, Horseradish peroxidase, Luminol

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