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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Li XQ, Yang Z, Zhang QH, Li HM
Article Title: Evaluation of matrix effect in isotope dilution mass spectrometry based on quantitative analysis of chloramphenicol residues in milk powder.
Publication date: 2014
Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta
Volume: 807
Page numbers: 75-83.
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2013.11.017
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003267013014360

Abstract: Abstract In the present study, we developed a comprehensive strategy to evaluate matrix effect (ME) and its impact on the results of isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS) in analysis of chloramphenicol (CAP) residues in milk powder. Stable isotope-labeled internal standards do not always compensate ME, which brings the variation of the ratio (the peak area of analyte/the peak area of isotope). In our investigation, impact factors of this variation were studied in the extraction solution of milk powder using three mass spectrometers coupled with different ion source designs, and deuterium-labeled chloramphenicol (D5-CAP) was used as the internal standard. ME from mobile phases, sample solvents, pre-treatment methods, sample origins and instruments was evaluated, and its impact on the results of IDMS was assessed using the IDMS correction factor ([Theta]). Our data showed that the impact of ME of mobile phase on the correction factor was significantly greater than that of sample solvent. Significant ion suppression and enhancement effects were observed in different pre-treated sample solutions. The IDMS correction factor in liquidGÇôliquid extraction (LLE) and molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) extract with different instruments was greater or less 1.0, and the IDMS correction factor in hydrophilic lipophilic balance (HLB) and mix-mode cation exchange (MCX) extract with different instruments was all close to 1.0. To the instrument coupled with different ion source design, the impact of ME on IDMS quantitative results was significantly different, exhibiting a large deviation of 11.5%. Taken together, appropriate chromatographic conditions, pre-treatment methods and instruments were crucial to overcome ME and obtain reliable results, when IDMS methods were used in the quantitative analysis of trace target in complex sample matrix
Template and target information: chloramphenicol, CAP, commercial MIPs
Author keywords: Evaluation, Isotope dilution mass spectrometry, Matrix effect, Correction factors, chloramphenicol, Milk powder

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