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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Rezaei B, Lotfi-Forushani H, Ensafi AA
Article Title: Modified Au nanoparticles-imprinted sol-gel, multiwall carbon nanotubes pencil graphite electrode used as a sensor for ranitidine determination.
Publication date: 2014
Journal: Materials Science and Engineering: C
Volume: 37
Page numbers: 113-119.
DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2013.12.036
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0928493113006991

Abstract: A new, simple, and disposable molecularly imprinted electrochemical sensor for the determination of ranitidine was developed on pencil graphite electrode (PGE) via cyclic voltammetry (CV). The PGEs were coated with MWCNTs containing the carboxylic functional group (f-MWCNTs), imprinted with sol-gel and Au nanoparticle (AuNPs) layers (AuNP/MIP-sol-gel/f-MWCNT/PGE), respectively, to enhance the electrode's electrical transmission and sensitivity. The thin film of molecularly imprinted sol-gel polymers with specific binding sites for ranitidine was cast on modified PGE by electrochemical deposition. The AuNP/MIP-sol-gel/f-MWCNT/PGE thus developed was characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and CV. The interaction between the imprinted sensor and the target molecule was also observed on the electrode by measuring the current response of 5.0 mM K3[Fe(CN)6] solution as an electrochemical probe. The pick currents of ranitidine increased linearly with concentration in the ranges of 0.05 to 2.0 μM, with a detection limit of (S/N = 3) 0.02 μM. Finally, the modified electrode was successfully employed to determine ranitidine in human urine samples
Template and target information: ranitidine
Author keywords: Ranitidine, Imprinted sol-gel polymers, Pencil graphite electrode, Multiwall carbon nanotubes, Au-nanoparticles

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