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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Xiao XH, Yan KL, Xu XF, Li GK
Article Title: Rapid analysis of ractopamine in pig tissues by dummy-template imprinted solid-phase extraction coupling with surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy.
Publication date: 2015
Journal: Talanta
Volume: 138
Page numbers: 40-45.
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2015.02.003
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0039914015000740

Abstract: Ritodrine has similar skeleton structure to ractopamine and it was selected as the dummy-template molecule to synthesize the molecular imprinted polymers (MIPs). The MIPs exhibited better selectivity to ractopamine than to the dummy-template molecule: the imprint factor for ractopamine was 8.9, while 7.6 for ritodrine. The MIPs were used as sorbents in solid-phase extraction for selective enrichment of ractopamine, and some key parameters were optimized. After that, a rapid surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy method was developed for analysis of ractopamine and isoxuprine in pig tissue samples. Under the optimal conditions, good linearity was achieved in the range of 20.0-200.0 μg/L for ractopamine and isoxsuprine at 842 cm-1 and 993 cm-1, respectively. The limits of detection were 3.1-4.3 μg/L, which were lower than the maximum allowed by U. S. Food and Drug Administration. The recoveries of ractopamine and isoxsuprine were 72.4-79.7% and 71.0-78.2% for the spiked pork and pig liver, respectively, while the relative standard deviations ranging from 7.4% to 13.0%. The results suggest that the proposed method is sensitive and selective, and it has good potential on the quantitative analysis of trace amounts of β-agonists in complex samples
Template and target information: ritodrine, dummy template, ractopamine
Author keywords: Dummy-template, Molecularly imprinted polymers, Solid-phase extraction, Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, Ractopamine, Pig tissues


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