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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Liu L, Zhong T, Xu QQ, Chen Y
Article Title: Efficient Molecular Imprinting Strategy for Quantitative Targeted Proteomics of Human Transferrin Receptor in Depleted Human Serum.
Publication date: 2015
Journal: Analytical Chemistry
Volume: 87
Issue: (21)
Page numbers: 10910-10919.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b02633

Abstract: Soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) in serum has been suggested as a marker for breast cancer diagnosis, monitoring and treatment. However, sTfR levels in some situations could be far below the limit of quantification (LOQ) of most assays. Thus, an efficient sample pretreatment strategy is required. In this study, molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were developed and coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)-based targeted proteomics for sTfR measurement. The key to this effort was that the same surrogate peptide of sTfR (VEYHFLSPYVSPK, VK13) was employed in both the enrichment by MIPs and the quantification by targeted proteomics. Specifically, three peptide templates with different lengths were evaluated for the synthesis of MIPs, and the imprinting conditions were optimized. The characteristics of MIPs, including the adsorption capacity, adsorption kinetics, and binding selectivity, were also investigated. As a result, a ~12-fold enhancement of sensitivity was achieved using MIPs. An LOQ of 200 ng-└mL-1 was obtained. The intra- and interday precision were <10.7 and 7.8%, respectively. The accuracy was 7.5% at the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) and <8.4% for the other QC levels. After validation, the assay was applied to determine the sTfR levels in breast cancer patients (n = 20) and healthy volunteers (n = 20) using the standard addition method. The corresponding levels of sTfR were 1.59 ▒ 0.36 μg mL-1 (range: 0.96-2.34 μg mL-1) in the volunteers and 1.82 ▒ 0.42 μg mL-1 (range: 0.95-2.47 μg mL-1) in the patients. This study is among the first to combine MIPs and LC-MS/MS targeted proteomics for protein quantification at the peptide level
Template and target information: protein, transferrin receptor, sTfR, surrogate peptide, VEYHFLSPYVSPK, VK13

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