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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Li W, Sun Y, Yang CC, Yan XM, Guo H, Fu GQ
Article Title: Fabrication of Surface Protein-Imprinted Nanoparticles Using a Metal Chelating Monomer via Aqueous Precipitation Polymerization.
Publication date: 2015
Journal: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Volume: 7
Issue: (49)
Page numbers: 27188-27196.
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b07946

Abstract: Molecular imprinting is a promising way for constructing artificial protein recognition materials, but it has been challenged by difficulties such as restricted biomacromolecule transfer in the cross-linked polymer networks, and reduced template-monomer interactions that are due to the required aqueous media. Herein, we propose a strategy for imprinting of histidine (His)-exposed proteins by combining previous approaches such as surface imprinting over nanostructures, utilization of metal coordination interactions, and adoption of aqueous precipitation polymerization capable of forming reversible physical crosslinks. With lysozyme as a model template bearing His residues, imprinted polymer nanoshells were grafted over vinyl-modified nanoparticles by aqueous precipitation copolymerization of a Cu2+ chelating monomer with a temperature-responsive monomer carried out at 37 C, above the volume phase-transition temperature (VPTT) of the final copolymer. The imprinted nanoshells showed significant temperature sensitivity and the template removal could be facilitated by swelling of the imprinted layers at 4 C, below the VPTT. The resultant core-shell imprinted nanoparticles exhibited strikingly high rebinding selectivity against a variety of nontemplate proteins. An imprinting factor up to 22.7 was achieved, which is among the best values reported for protein imprinting, and a rather high specific binding capacity of 67.3 mg/g was obtained. Moreover, this approach was successfully extended to preliminary imprinting of hemoglobin, another protein with accessible His. Therefore, it may be a versatile method for fabrication of high-performance surface-imprinted nanoparticles toward His-exposed proteins
Template and target information: protein, lysozyme, hemoglobin
Author keywords: protein imprinting, surface imprinting, nanoparticles, metal coordination, His-exposed proteins, Aqueous precipitation polymerization, Reversible physical cross-links

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