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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Zuo PL, Gao JF, Peng J, Liu JH, Zhao MM, Zhao JH, Zuo PJ, He H
Article Title: A sol-gel based molecular imprint incorporating carbon dots for fluorometric determination of nicotinic acid.
Publication date: 2016
Journal: Microchimica Acta
Volume: 183
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 329-336.
DOI: 10.1007/s00604-015-1630-5

Abstract: We are introducing functionalized carbon dots (C-dots) coated with a shell of molecularly imprinted sol-gel as a new tool in molecular imprint-based detection. Specifically, an imprint recognizing nicotinic acid (NA) was prepared in two steps. The first involves pyrolytic decomposition of citric acid in the presence of aminopropyltriethoxysilane to yield triethoxysilyl-modified C-dots with a typical size of 2.8 1.1 nm. These are then polycondensed in the presence of tetraethoxysilane and NA at room temperature to give spherical silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) with a typical size of ~300 nm and containing C-dots and NA in the silica matrix. NA was then removed by extraction. The resulting SiNPs are well permeable to NA, photostable, display strong blue luminescence and can bind NA fairly selectively. The fluorometric detection scheme is based on the finding that increasing concentrations of NA quench the fluorescence of the C-dots in the SiNPs. NA can be determined by this method in the 0.5 to 10.5 μM concentration range, with a 12.6 nM detection limit. The composite was successfully utilized as a fluorescent probe for the determination of NA in spiked human urine samples. The method is believed to have a wider scope in being applicable to other analytes that are capable of quenching the fluorescence of C-dots
Template and target information: nicotinic acid
Author keywords: Fluorescent probe, surface modification, silica particles, Quenching, transmission electron microscopy, Pyrolysis

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