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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Cela-Pérez MC, Bates F, Jiménez-Morigosa C, Lendoiro E, de Castro A, Cruz A, López-Rivadulla M, López-Vilariño JM, González-Rodríguez MV
Article Title: Water-compatible imprinted pills for sensitive determination of cannabinoids in urine and oral fluid.
Publication date: 2016
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A
Volume: 1429
Page numbers: 53-64.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2015.12.011
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021967315017616

Abstract: A novel molecularly imprinted solid phase extraction (MISPE) methodology followed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has been developed using cylindrical shaped molecularly imprinted pills for detection of Δ 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), 11-nor-Δ 9-tetrahydrocannabinol carboxylic acid (THC-COOH), cannabinol (CBN) and cannabidiol (CBD) in urine and oral fluid (OF). The composition of the molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) was optimized based on the screening results of a non-imprinted polymer library (NIP-library). Thus, acrylamide as functional monomer and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as cross-linker were selected for the preparation of the MIP, using catechin as a mimic template. MISPE pills were incubated with 0.5 mL urine or OF sample for adsorption of analytes. For desorption, the pills were transferred to a vial with 2 mL of methanol:acetic acid (4:1) and sonicated for 15 min. The elution solvent was evaporated and reconstituted in methanol:formic acid (0.1%) 50:50 to inject in LC-MS/MS. The developed method was linear over the range from 1 to 500 ng mL-1 in urine and from 0.75 to 500 ng mL-1 in OF for all four analytes. Intra- and inter-day imprecision were <15%. Extraction recovery was 50-111%, process efficiency 15.4-54.5% and matrix effect ranged from -78.0 to -6.1%. Finally, the optimized and validated method was applied to 4 urine and 5 OF specimens. This is the first method for the determination of THC, THC-COOH, CBN and CBD in urine and OF using MISPE technology
Template and target information: cannabinoids, Δ 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, THC, 11-nor-Δ 9-tetrahydrocannabinol carboxylic acid, THC-COOH, cannabinol, CBN, cannabidiol, CBD
Author keywords: Water-compatible, MISPE, LC-MS, MS, Cannabinoids, urine, Oral fluid

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