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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Xu JJ, Ambrosini S, Tamahkar E, Rossi C, Haupt K, Tse Sum Bui B
Article Title: Toward a Universal Method for Preparing Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Nanoparticles with Antibody-like Affinity for Proteins.
Publication date: 2016
Journal: Biomacromolecules
Volume: 17
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 345-353.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.biomac.5b01454

Abstract: We describe a potentially universal, simple and cheap method to prepare water-compatible molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles (MIP-NPs) as synthetic antibodies against proteins. The strategy is based on a solid phase synthesis approach where glass beads (GBs) are functionalized with a metal chelate, acting as a general affinity ligand to attract surface-bound histidines present on proteins. This configuration enables an oriented immobilization of the proteins, upon which thermoresponsive MIP-NPs are synthesized. The GBs play the role of both a reactor and a separation column since, after synthesis, the MIP-NPs are released from the support by a simple temperature change, resulting in protein-free polymers. The resulting MIP-NPs are endowed with improved binding site homogeneity, since the binding sites have the same orientation. Moreover, they are stable (no aggregation) in a buffer solution for prolonged storage time and exhibit apparent dissociation constants in the nanomolar range, with little or no cross-reactivity toward other proteins
Template and target information: protein, trypsin, kallikrein, RNase A

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