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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Liu J, Tang H, Zhang B, Deng XL, Zhao FL, Zuo P, Ye BC, Li YC
Article Title: Electrochemical sensor based on molecularly imprinted polymer for sensitive and selective determination of metronidazole via two different approaches.
Publication date: 2016
Journal: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume: 408
Issue: (16)
Page numbers: 4287-4295.
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-016-9520-1

Abstract: A molecularly imprinted polymer decorated glassy carbon electrode (MIP/GCE) is facilely developed into an electrochemical sensing platform for detection of metronidazole (MNZ). MIP preparation was carried out via in situ electropolymerization and o-phenylenediamine was selected as the optimal functional monomer. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were employed to characterize and assess the performance of the so-obtained sensor. In particular, two assay methods, which are based on different principles, were involved in the detection procedure. One is based on MIP/catalysis (Method I) and the other is MIP/gate effect (Method II). Comparison of these two methods was made in the aspects including detection range, sensitivity, accuracy, selectivity, repeatability, and long-term stability. It is found that Method I affords a lower detection limit of 3.33 x 10-10 M (S/N = 3) while the detection limit of Method II is 6.67 x 10-10 M (S/N = 3). The linear range of Method I and II is 1.0 x 10-9 to 1.0 x 10-8 M and 2.0 x 10-9 to 1.0 x 10-7 M, respectively. The MIP/GCE exhibits good recognition ability towards the template molecule-MNZ in the presence of the analogues of MNZ and other interferents, which can be ascribed to the successful imprinting effect during MIP membrane preparation
Template and target information: metronidazole, MNZ
Author keywords: Electrochemical sensor, electro-catalysis, gate effect, Metronidazole, molecularly imprinted polymer

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