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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Miranda LFC, Domingues DS, Queiroz MEC
Article Title: Selective solid-phase extraction using molecularly imprinted polymers for analysis of venlafaxine, O-desmethylvenlafaxine, and N-desmethylvenlafaxine in plasma samples by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
Publication date: 2016
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A
Volume: 1458
Page numbers: 46-53.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2016.06.024
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002196731630783X

Abstract: This paper focuses on the development of a novel miniaturized molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) and ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method to determine venlafaxine (VEN), O-desmethylvenlafaxine (ODV), and N-desmethylvenlafaxine (NDV) in plasma samples. The molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) was prepared by the precipitation polymerization approach; VEN, metacrylic acid, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile, and toluene were used as template, monomer, crosslinker, initiator, and porogen solvent, respectively. MIP and of the non-imprinted control polymer (NIP) sorbents were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. MIP phase presented higher extraction efficiency (MISPE, using plasma samples spiked with VEN) than the NIP phase (84 and 49% recovery rates, respectively). Analysis of other antidepressants with different chemical structures by MISPE-UHPLC-MS/MS attested to the selectivity of the developed MIP. The developed method presented precision assays with coefficients of variation (CV) smaller than 15%; accuracy assays with relative standard error (RSE%) values ranging from -12 to 16%, and linear ranges from 3 to 700 ng mL-1 for VEN, from 5 to 700 ng mL-1 for ODV, and from 3 to 500 ng mL-1 for NDV. The coefficients of determination (r2) were higher than 0.995. The lack-of-fit test also attested to the linearity of this method. This method was successfully applied to determine VEN, NDV, and ODV in plasma samples from depressed patients undergoing therapy with VEN
Template and target information: venlafaxine, VEN, O-desmethylvenlafaxine, ODV, N-desmethylvenlafaxine, NDV
Author keywords: Venlafaxine, molecularly imprinted polymer, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, Plasma samples

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