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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Mirzajani R, Ramezani Z, Kardani F
Article Title: Selective determination of thidiazuron herbicide in fruit and vegetable samples using molecularly imprinted polymer fiber solid phase microextraction with ion mobility spectrometry detection (MIPF-SPME-IMS).
Publication date: 2017
Journal: Microchemical Journal
Volume: 130
Page numbers: 93-101.
DOI: j.microc.2016.08.009
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0026265X16303010

Abstract: In this study, we use corona discharge ion mobility spectrometry (CD-IMS) as a detection technique for determining thidiazuron (TDZ) after its selective microextraction using molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) fibers. This is the first time that MIP fiber solid phase microextraction-ion mobility spectrometry (MIPF-SPME-IMS) was used to detect TDZ. The fiber was synthesized simply using a narrow bore silica capillary as a mold by the copolymerization of methacrylic acid-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate imprinted with TDZ. The prepared MIPs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The obtained flexible MIP monolithic fibers have high chemical and thermal stabilities with good selectivity to TDZ. The effective parameters influencing the polymerization were also investigated. In addition, the influences of different factors such as pH, extraction time, desorption solvent, and temperature on the extraction efficiency of the analyte were investigated. Under the optimum conditions, analytical parameters such as linearity, precision and limit of detection were also evaluated. The linear range was in the range of 0.01 - 20 μg L-1 (r2 = 0.9980) and the limit of detection was 0.005 μg L-1. Intra- and inter-day precisions were satisfactory with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 0.9% and 2%, respectively. Finally, the established MIPF-SPME-IMS method was successfully applied in the selective determination of TDZ residues in fruit and vegetable samples
Template and target information: thidiazuron, TDZ
Author keywords: Thidiazuron, microextraction, Ion mobility, determination, molecularly imprinted polymer

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