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Reference type: Journal
Authors: do Lago AC, Marchioni C, Mendes TV, Wisniewski C, Fadini PS, Luccas PO
Article Title: Ion Imprinted Polymer for Preconcentration and Determination of Ultra-Trace Cadmium, Employing Flow Injection Analysis with Thermo Spray Flame Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry.
Publication date: 2016
Journal: Applied Spectroscopy
Volume: 70
Issue: (11)
Page numbers: 1842-1850.
DOI: 10.1177/0003702816658669
Alternative URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0003702816658669

Abstract: This work proposes a preconcentration method using an ion imprinted polymer (IIP) for determination of cadmium, in several samples, employing a mini-column filled with the polymer coupled into a flow injection analysis system with detection by thermospray flame furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (FIA-TS-FF-AAS). The polymer was synthesized via bulk using methacrylic acid and vinylimidazole as a functional monomer. For the FIA system initial assessment, the variables: pH, eluent concentration and buffer concentration were studied, employing a 23 full factorial design. To obtain the optimum values for each significant variable, a Doehlert matrix was employed. After the optimization conditions as: pH 5.8, eluent (HNO3) concentration of 0.48 mol L-1 and buffer concentration of 0.01 mol L-1, were adopted. The proposed method showed a linear response in the range of 0.081 - 10.0 μg L-1, limits detection and quantification of 0.024 and 0.081 μg L-1, respectively; preconcentration factor of 165, consumptive index of 0.06 mL, concentration efficiency 132 min-1, and frequency of readings equal to 26 readings h-1. The accuracy was checked by analysis of certified reference materials for trace metals and recovery tests. The obtained results were in agreement with 95% confidence level (t-test). The method was adequate to apply in samples of: jewelry (earrings) (2.38 0.28 μg kg-1), black tea (1.09 0.15 μg kg-1), green tea (3.85 0.13 μg kg-1), cigarette tobacco (38.27 0.22 μg kg-1), and hair (0.35 0.02 μg kg-1)
Template and target information: cadmium ion, Cd(II)
Author keywords: cadmium, ion imprinted polymer, thermospray flame furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (TS-FF-AAS), Flow injection analysis (FIA)


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