Book title: Chromatographic Analysis of the Environment: Mass Spectrometry Based Approaches
Editors: Nollet LML, Lambropoulou DA
Publisher: CRC Press
City: Boca Raton
ISBN: Print ISBN: 978-1-4665-9756-3 eBook ISBN: 978-1-315-31619-2
Abstract: Molecular imprinting is a modern technique and not quite common. It is a specific enough technique according to which the selective binding/isolation of target species (molecules or ions/metals) from a mixture can be achieved (Whitcombe et al., 1995). The ability to selectively recognize a target molecule in a vast pool of similar molecules is essential to biological and chemical processes. This process is called molecular recognition, and it is an event that occurs everywhere in nature. It occurs when two molecules are both geometrically and chemically complementary; that is, when they can both "fit together" spatially and bind to each other by using noncovalent forces, including hydrogen bonds, electrostatic interactions, hydrophobic interactions, and weak metal coordination (Chen et al., 2002). Therefore, a specific technology has been bloomed and redesigned in the last 40 years, which is called molecular imprinting. The whole process is based on adsorption/rebinding/separation technology, which is already one of the most successful techniques for pollutant removal (Srinivasan, 2011; Balogh et al., 2012; Jiang et al., 2012; Alahmadi et al., 2013; Mobarak et al., 2013; Radenovic et al., 2013; Sasaki et al., 2013). The targets-for-isolation species (usually called templates or template molecules) are compounds of high-added value, which their isolation from mixture can lead to future recovery and exploitation. © 2017 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Template and target information: Review - MIPs in sample preparation