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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Smolinska-Kempisty K, Ahmad OS, Guerreiro A, Karim K, Piletska E, Piletsky S
Article Title: New potentiometric sensor based on molecularly imprinted nanoparticles for cocaine detection.
Publication date: 2017
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume: 96
Page numbers: 49-54.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2017.04.034
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095656631730283X

Abstract: Here we present a potentiometric sensor for cocaine detection based on molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles (nanoMIPs) produced by the solid-phase imprinting method. The composition of polymers with high affinity for cocaine was optimised using molecular modelling. Four compositions were selected and polymers prepared using two protocols: chemical polymerisation in water and UV-initiated polymerisation in organic solvent. All synthesised nanoparticles had very good affinity to cocaine with dissociation constants between 0.6 nM and 5.3 nM. Imprinted polymers produced in organic solvent using acrylamide as a functional monomer demonstrated the highest yield and affinity, and so were selected for further sensor development. For this, nanoparticles were incorporated within a PVC matrix which was then used to prepare an ion-selective membrane integrated with a potentiometric transducer. It was demonstrated that the sensor was able to quantify cocaine in blood serum samples in the range of concentrations between 1 nM and 1 mM
Template and target information: benzoylecgonine, cocaine
Author keywords: Cocaine, molecular modelling, NanoMIPs, Solid-phase imprinting, potentiometric sensor


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