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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Suriyanarayanan S, Mandal S, Ramanujam K, Nicholls IA
Article Title: Electrochemically synthesized molecularly imprinted polythiophene nanostructures as recognition elements for an aspirin-chemosensor.
Publication date: 2017
Journal: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume: 253
Page numbers: 428-436.
DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2017.05.076
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400517308961

Abstract: A chemosensor utilizing electro-polymerized film, as recognition element, has been devised and tested for selective determination of aspirin. The sensor consists of molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) recognition elements electrodeposited as polymeric nanowires on gold-coated quartz resonator. A nanostructures were prepared by electrochemical co-polymerization of the preformed complex between the template, aspirin, the functional monomers, 3-thienylboronic acid (3-TBA) and 3-thiopheneacetic acid (3-TAA), and thiophene, which was employed as a cross-linker. This nanostructure upon leaching aspirin serve as MIP. Polymerizations were performed in acetonitrile (MIP-org) as well as a micelle-forming medium (MIP-mic). For MIP nanowire (MIP-ano) synthesis, sacrificial alumina templates were used during electro-polymerization in acetonitrile. Scanning electron microscope studies revealed compactly arranged polythiophene nanowires of uniform thickness in MIP-ano film, and MIP-mic film produced aggregated micron sized polymer structures. Density functional theoretical studies indicated a stable hydrogen bond-based complexation of aspirin by 3-TBA and 3-TAA in the pre-polymerization mixture implying that the MIP film thus prepared could selectively rebind the aspirin template. The MIP-ano-based chemosensor was sensitive towards aspirin (0.5-10 mM), over clinically relevant range (0.15-0.5 mM) under optimized FIA conditions. The sensitivity (20.62 Hz/mM) of the MIP-ano was eight and fifteen times higher than the MIP-mic (2.80 Hz/mM) and MIP-org (1.10 Hz/mM). Notably, the sensor selectively discriminates aspirin from structurally or functionally related interferants and metabolites, such as, salicylic acid, acetylsalicyloyl chloride and ibuprofen
Template and target information: aspirin, acetylsalicylic acid
Author keywords: electrochemical polymerization, Aspirin chemosensor, quartz crystal microbalance, Sacrificial template

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