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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Divya M, Benny T, Christy P, Aparna EP, Devaky KS
Article Title: Catalytic amidolysis of amino acid p-nitroanilides using transition state analogue imprinted artificial enzymes: Cooperative effect of pyridine moiety.
Publication date: 2017
Journal: Bioorganic Chemistry
Volume: 74
Page numbers: 91-103.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2017.07.015
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045206816304400

Abstract: Enzyme-like polymer catalysts with the imprints of phosphonate transition state analogue (TSA) lined along with imidazole and pyridine moieties were synthesized using methacryloyl-l-histidine and 4-vinylpyridine as the functional monomers and phenyl-1-(N-benzyloxycarbonylamino)-2-(phenyl)ethyl phosphonate - the TSA of hydrolytic reaction as the template for the amidolysis of N-benzyloxycarbonyl-l-phenylalanine p-nitroanilide (Z-l-Phe-PNA). Polymers containing different functional groups can act together to provide catalytic activity and selectivity superior to what can be obtained from monofunctional analogues. The higher rate acceleration exhibited by the bifunctional polymer over the monofunctional polymers indicates cooperative catalysis of imidazole and pyridine moieties. The optimum catalytic competence is shown by the bifunctional polymer containing imidazole and pyridine moieties in 2:1M ratio which may be due to alignment of the functional groups in proper H-bond distance. In addition to the non-covalent interactions like hydrogen bonding or π-stacking interactions between the functional groups of the polymer and the template, 3D-microcavities complementary to the geometry of the template are necessary for effective shape selective binding. Michaelis-Menten kinetics implies that only the catalysts with imidazole moieties act as enzyme-like catalysts and imidazole is the key catalytic function of the enzyme mimics
Template and target information: phenyl-1-(N-benzyloxycarbonylamino)-2-(phenyl)ethyl phosphonate, transition state analogue, TSA
Author keywords: transition state analogue, molecular imprinting, 3D-microcavities, enantioselectivity, substrate specificity, Substrate-shape selectivity and π-π stack interactions

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