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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Ahmed MB, Zhou JL, Ngo HH, Guo WS, Johir MAH, Sornalingam K, Sahedur Rahman M
Article Title: Chloramphenicol interaction with functionalized biochar in water: sorptive mechanism, molecular imprinting effect and repeatable application.
Publication date: 2017
Journal: Science of The Total Environment
Volume: 609
Page numbers: 885-895.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.07.239
Alternative URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10453/114946

Abstract: Biochar and functionalized biochar (fBC-1 and fBC-2) were prepared and applied to remove antibiotic chloramphenicol from deionized water, lake water and synthetic wastewater. Results showed that chloramphenicol removal on biochar was pH dependent and maximum sorption occurred at pH 4.0-4.5. The sorption data of chloramphenicol fitted better with the Langmuir isotherm model than the Freundlich isotherm model with the maximum Langmuir sorption capacity of 233 μM g-1 using fBC-2. Chloramphenicol sorption on fBC-2 followed the trend: deionized water > lake water > synthetic wastewater. The presence of humic acid decreased the sorption distribution coefficient (Kd) while the presence of low ionic strength and soil in solution increased Kd value significantly. The mechanism of sorption on fBC mainly involved electron-donor-acceptor (EDA) interactions at pH < 2.0; formation of charge assisted hydrogen bond (CAHB) and hydrogen bonds in addition to EDA in the pH 4.0-4.5; and CAHB and EDA interactions at pH > 7.0. Additionally, solvent and thermal regeneration of fBC-2 for repeatable applications showed excellent sorption of chloramphenicol under the same condition, due to the creation of a molecular imprinting effect in fBC-2. Consequently, fBC-2 can be applied with excellent reusability properties to remove chloramphenicol and other similar organic contaminants
Template and target information: chloramphenicol, CAP
Author keywords: Functionalized biochar, chloramphenicol, Electron-donor interactions, H-bond, Reusability, Molecular imprinting effect

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