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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Pereira I, Rodrigues MF, Chaves AR, Vaz BG
Article Title: Molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) membrane assisted direct spray ionization mass spectrometry for agrochemicals screening in foodstuffs.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Talanta
Volume: 178
Page numbers: 507-514.
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2017.09.080
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0039914017310275

Abstract: Paper spray ionization (PSI) has some limitations such as low sensitivity and ionization suppression when complex samples are analyzed. The use of sample preparation devices directly coupled to MS can avoid these restrictions. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are materials widely used as adsorbent in sample preparation methods such as solid-phase extraction and solid-phase microextraction, and they can provide specifics cavities with affinity to a target molecule. Here, we introduce a new MIP membrane spray ionization method combining MIP and PSI. MIP was synthesized directly on a cellulose membrane. Monuron and 2,4,5-T (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid) were used as template molecules in MIP synthesis for diuron and 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) analyte sequesters, respectively. Apple, banana and grape methanolic extracts were used as matrices. The MIP membrane spray showed signal intensities of diuron and 2,4-D that were much higher compared to those obtained by non-imprinted polymers(NIP). Calibration curves exhibited R2 > 0.99 for diuron and 2,4-D in all fruit extracts analyzed. LODs were found less than 0.60 μg L-1 and LLOQs were found less than 2.00 μg L-1. The coefficients of variation and relative errors were less than 15% for almost all analyses. The apparent recovery test results ranged between 92,5% and 116.9%. Finally, the MIP membrane spray method was employed for the quantification of diuron and 2,4-D in real samples. Diuron contents were only found in three bananas (4.0, 6.5, and 9.9 μg L-1). The proposed MIP membrane spray ionization method was straightforward, fast to carry out and provided satisfactory results for analyses of diuron and 2,4-D in apple, banana and grape samples
Template and target information: monuron, 2,4,5-T, 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dummy template, diuron, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4-D
Author keywords: MIP, Paper spray ionization, Diuron, 2,4-D, Ambient mass spectrometry

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