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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Usha SP, Gupta BD
Article Title: Urinary p-cresol diagnosis using nanocomposite of ZnO/MoS2 and molecular imprinted polymer on optical fiber based lossy mode resonance sensor.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume: 101
Page numbers: 135-145.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2017.10.029
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956566317306930

Abstract: A lossy mode resonance (LMR) based sensor for urinary p-cresol testing on optical fiber substrate is developed. The sensor probe fabrication includes dip coating of nanocomposite layer of zinc oxide and molybdenum sulphide (ZnO/MoS2) over unclad core of optical fiber as the transducer layer followed by the layer of molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) as the recognition medium. The addition of molybdenum sulphide in the transducer layer increases the absorption of light in the medium which enhances the LMR properties of zinc oxide thereby increasing the conductivity and hence the sensitivity of the sensor. The sensor probe is characterized for p-cresol concentration range from 0 μM (reference sample) to 1000 μM in artificially prepared urine. Optimizations of various probe fabrication parameters are carried to bring out the sensor's optimal performance with a sensitivity of 11.86 nm/μM and 28nM as the limit of detection (LOD). A two-order improvement in LOD is obtained as compared to the recently reported p-cresol sensor. The proposed sensor possesses a response time of 15s which is 8 times better than that reported in the literature utilizing electrochemical method. Its response time is also better than the p-cresol sensor currently available in the market for the medical field. Thus, with a fast response, significant stability and repeatability, the proposed sensor holds practical implementation possibilities in the medical field. Further, the realization of sensor probe over optical fiber substrate adds remote sensing and online monitoring feasibilities
Template and target information: p-cresol
Author keywords: P-cresol, Artificial urine, optical fiber sensor, Lossy mode resonance, molecular imprinting, Zinc oxide, molybdenum sulphide nanocomposite

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