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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Pacheco JG, Silva MSV, Freitas M, Nouws HPA, Delerue-Matos C
Article Title: Molecularly imprinted electrochemical sensor for the point-of-care detection of a breast cancer biomarker (CA 15-3).
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume: 256
Page numbers: 905-912.
DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2017.10.027
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092540051731907X

Abstract: The incidence of breast cancer has been increasing over the years. To control and monitor this disease several tumor biomarkers have been proposed for early diagnosis, patient follow-up and/or treatment guidance. The only serum breast cancer biomarker in current use is the cancer antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3). In this work a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP)-based electrochemical (voltammetric) sensor to monitor breast cancer was developed, based on direct surface imprinting of CA 15-3 on a screen-printed gold electrode (Au-SPE). The imprinting was performed in two steps: (1) adsorption of CA 15-3 on the surface of the Au-SPE and (2) electropolymerization of 2-aminophenol around the adsorbed protein. After extraction of the imprinted protein voltammetric analysis was conducted using hexacyanoferrate(II/III) as redox probe, measuring the signals before and after protein binding. The sensor was characterized by voltammetric techniques and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and the analytical responses of imprinted and non-imprinted polymer sensors were studied. A linear relationship between the peak current intensity of the redox probe and the logarithm of CA 15-3 concentration was established between 5 and 50 U mL-1, achieving a limit of detection of 1.5 U mL-1. The prepared MIP-sensor provides fast (15 min) analysis and is cheap, easy to prepare, disposable and could easily be integrated in small portable point-of care devices
Template and target information: protein, cancer antigen 15-3, CA 15-3
Author keywords: Breast cancer, molecularly imprinted polymer, CA 15-3, Electrochemical sensor, Point-of-care analysis

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