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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Ensafi AA, Nasr-Esfahani P, Rezaei B
Article Title: Synthesis of molecularly imprinted polymer on carbon quantum dots as an optical sensor for selective fluorescent determination of promethazine hydrochloride.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume: 257
Page numbers: 889-896.
DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2017.11.050
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400517321731

Abstract: An optical sensor based on carbon quantum dots (CQDs) coated with molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) was fabricated for selective and sensitive determination of promethazine hydrochloride (PrHy). Water-soluble and fluorescent CQDs were synthesized by a simple, low cost and green approach using orange juice as a carbon source. The special advantage of the synthesized CQDs with this method is low toxicity. The surface of the CQDs was covered with MIPs matrix (CQDs-MIPs) via sol-gel polymerization. For characterization of the CQDs and CQDs-MIPs, UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering technique, X-ray diffraction technique, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were used. The fluorescence intensity of CQDs-MIPs exhibited linear response with the concentration of PrHy in the range from 2.0 to 250 μmol L-1 with a detection limit of 0.5 μmol L-1. The reproducibility of the method was checked for 20 μmol L-1 of PrHy, and the results showed RSD% as 5.1. This sensor was used for determination of PrHy in real samples and showed satisfactory results
Template and target information: promethazine hydrochloride, PrHy
Author keywords: Carbon quantum dots, Green synthesis, Molecularly imprinted polymers, Sol-gel polymerization, Promethazine hydrochloride

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