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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Zhao YL, Sun QF, Zhang X, Baeyens J, Su HJ
Article Title: Self-assembled selenium nanoparticles and their application in the rapid diagnostic detection of small cell lung cancer biomarkers.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Soft Matter
Volume: 14
Issue: (4)
Page numbers: 481-489.
DOI: 10.1039/C7SM01687E

Abstract: By coupling molecular imprinting, chitosan biosorption and TiO2 photocatalysis, selenium nanoparticles (Se NPs) were self-assembled in a controlled manner on the molecular imprinting sites of zeolite-chitosan-TiO2 microspheres. Se NPs with different sizes and areal densities were individually synthesized by controlling the rapid adsorption of molecular-imprinted nanocomposites and photocatalytic reaction of TiO2 nanoparticles. In order to improve the sensitivity and specificity of rapid diagnostic detection, Se NPs were self-assembled again into high-order and spherically stable structures with an average size of 80 nm by well-defined monomer units, after separation from zeolite-chitosan-TiO2 microspheres with a stabilizer of 0.3% (v/v) bovine serum albumin. Due to their biological activity, spherical-shaped Se NPs were used for dot-blot immunoassays with multiple native antigens for rapid serodiagnosis of human lung cancer. The sensitivity of the dot immunoassays for detecting progastrin-releasing peptide (ProGRP) was 75 pg mL-1. The detection time of colloidal Se dot immunoassays for ProGRP was only 5 min. No positive results were observed with other commonly potential interfering substances, including carcinoembryonic antigen, α-fetoprotein antigen and BSA. The research presents a simple and green method for the reuse of SeO32- and the controlled synthesis of Se NPs for biological and medical applications by bioaffinity adsorption and photoreduction
Template and target information: progastrin-releasing peptide, ProGRP, small cell lung cancer biomarkers

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