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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Johari-Ahar M, Karami P, Ghanei M, Afkhami A, Bagheri H
Article Title: Development of a molecularly imprinted polymer tailored on disposable screen-printed electrodes for dual detection of EGFR and VEGF using nano-liposomal amplification strategy.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume: 107
Page numbers: 26-33.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2018.02.005
Alternative URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956566318300927

Abstract: This work demonstrates the development of a gold screen-printed electrode (Au-SPE)-based biosensor modified with a molecularly imprinted polymer and amplified using antibody-conjugated nano-liposomes. The developed biosensor was utilized for dual determination of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as cancer biomarkers. To prepare this biosensor, Au-SPE was modified with 3,3'-dithiodipropionic acid di(N-hydroxysuccinimide ester) via self-assembly method and then the target proteins (EGFR and VEGF) were covalently attached to the modified SPE. To synthesize the molecularly imprinted polymer, monomers of acrylamide and N,N'-methylenebis(acrylamide) were polymerized around the EGFR and VEGF templates, and to characterize the prepared biosensor, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was used for analyses of surface changes in the engineered electrodes. To produce reliable electrochemical signals, nano-liposomes which were loaded with Cd(II) and Cu(II) cations and decorated with antibodies specific for EGFR and VEGF were used as an efficient tool for detection of target biomarkers. In the analysis step, potentiometric striping analysis (PSA), as an electrochemical technique, was utilized for sensitive determination of these cations. The limits of detection (LODs) of EGFR and VEGF analyses were found to be 0.01 and 0.005 pg mL-1 with the linear dynamic ranges (LDRs) of 0.05-50000 and 0.01-7000 pg mL-1, respectively. Moreover, the proposed biosensor was successfully used for sensitive, reproducible, and specific detection of EGFR and VEGF in real samples. Due to the SPE nature of the developed biosensor, we envision that this sensing tool has capability of being integrated with lab-on-a-chip (LOC), microfluidics, and micro total analysis systems
Template and target information: protein, epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR, vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGF
Author keywords: Biosensors, molecular imprinted polymers, VEGF and EGFR, Liposomal nanoparticles, Potentiometric striping analysis

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