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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Kong DL, Qiao N, Wang N, Wang Z, Wang Q, Zhou ZY, Ren ZQ
Article Title: Facile preparation of a nano-imprinted polymer on magnetite nanoparticles for the rapid separation of lead ions from aqueous solution.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume: 20
Issue: (18)
Page numbers: 12870-12878.
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP01163J

Abstract: A novel nanostructured magnetic ion-imprinted polymer (IIP) was synthesized for the selective adsorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solution. The IIP was prepared on functional Fe3O4@SiO2 core/shell nanoparticles as a support. Monomer units in the polymer featured the typical bidentate ligand itaconic acid. We used ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and 2,2-azoisobisbutyronitrile as a cross-linker and an initiator, respectively. Monomers with different acid-base properties and different proportions of cross-linker were investigated to obtain high-performance adsorbents. Our results showed that the IIP prepared from itaconic acid had a high adsorption capacity owing to the strong binding between the monomer and Pb(II) template ion. The IIPs were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, and transmission electron microscopy. We confirmed the formation of a nano-imprinted shell layer on the surface of Fe3O4@SiO2. The adsorption rate was fast, conforming to a pseudo-second-order kinetic and Langmuir adsorption model; the adsorption mechanism was deemed to be chemisorption as a single molecular layer. The maximum adsorption capacity of the IIP (51.2 mg g-1) was approximately three times as large as that of the non-imprinted polymer (17.9 mg g-1). The selectivity factors for Pb(II) in mixed solutions of Pb(II)/Co(II), Pb(II)/Cu(II), and Pb(II)/Zn(II) were 45.6, 6.45, and 8.3, respectively. Pb-IIP exhibited a high selectivity towards Pb(II), which enabled the enrichment of Pb(II) in aqueous solution
Template and target information: lead ion, Pb(II)


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