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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Lu J, Wu YL, Lin XY, Gao J, Dong HJ, Chen L, Qin YY, Wang L, Yan YS
Article Title: Anti-fouling and thermosensitive ion-imprinted nanocomposite membranes based on grapheme oxide and silicon dioxide for selectively separating europium ions.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Volume: 353
Page numbers: 244-253.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.04.014
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389418302383

Abstract: The increasing amount of europium in aqueous environment from rare earth industry has become a serious environmental challenge. Significant efforts have been focused on ion-imprinting membranes (IIMs) for selective separation of ions from analogues. Based on ion-imprinting technique, we have developed Eu3+-imprinted nanocomposite membranes (Eu-IIMs) for selectively separating Eu3+ from La3+, Gd3+ and Sm3+. Polydopamine (pDA) was previously synthesized on basal membranes to augment the interfacial adhesion. Grapheme oxide (GO) and modified silicon dioxide (kSiO2) were synergistically stacked on pDA-modified substrates to form hydrophilic nanocomposite membranes. Ag nanoparticles were modified on the surface to enhance anti-fouling performance. The temperature-controlled selective recognition sites were formed using N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAm) and acrylamide (Am) as functional monomers as well as europium ions as templates by RAFT (reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer) method. Large enhanced Eu3+-rebinding capacity (101.14 mg g-1), adsorptive selectivity (1.82, 1.57, 1.45 for Eu3+/La3+, Eu3+/Gd3+, Eu3+/Sm3+) and permselectivity (3.82, 3.47, 3.34 for La3+/Eu3+, Gd3+/Eu3+, Sm3+/Eu3+) were achieved on Eu-IIMs with superior regeneration performance. Additionally, the negligible damage of the membranes after buried for 20 d indicated the superior anti-fouling property of the Eu-IIMs. The ion-imprinted nanocomposite membranes synthesized in this work have shown great potentials for selective separation of rare earth ions
Template and target information: europium ion, Eu(III)
Author keywords: Thermosensitive ion-imprinted membrane, Europium ions, Grapheme oxide, Silicon dioxide, selective separation


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