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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Dulay MT, Zaman N, Jaramillo D, Mody AC, Zare RN
Article Title: Pathogen-Imprinted Organosiloxane Polymers as Selective Biosensors for the Detection of Targeted E. coli.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: C
Volume: 4
Issue: (2)
Page numbers: ArticleNo29.
DOI: 10.3390/c4020029
Alternative URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2311-5629/4/2/29

Abstract: Early detection of pathogens requires methods that are fast, selective, sensitive and affordable. We report the development of a biosensor with high sensitivity and selectivity based on the low-cost preparation of organosiloxane (OSX) polymers imprinted with E. coli-GFP (green fluorescent protein). OSX polymers with high optical transparency, no cracking, and no shrinkage were prepared by varying several parameters of the sol-gel reaction. The unique shape and chemical fingerprint of the targeted inactivated E. coli-GFP were imprinted into bulk polymers by replication imprinting where the polymer solution was dropcast onto a bacteria template that produced a replica of the bacterial shape and chemistry on the polymer surface upon removal of the template. Capture performances were studied under non-laminar flow conditions with samples containing inactivated E. coli-GFP and compared to inactivated S. typhimurium-GFP. Capture selectivity ratios are dependent on the type of alkoxysilanes used, the H2O:silane molar ratio, and the polymerization temperature. The bacteria concentration in suspension ranged from ~6 x 105 to 1.6 x 10^9 cells/mL. E. coli-imprinted OSX polymers with polyethylene glycol (PEG) differentiated between the targeted bacterium E. coli, and non-targeted bacteria S. typhimurium and native E. coli-GFP, achieving selectivity ratios up to 4.5 times higher than polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and OSX polymers without PEG
Template and target information: protein, E. coli-GFP, green fluorescent protein, bacteria, E. coli
Author keywords: organosiloxane, sol-gel, imprinting, biosensor, E.Coli, sensitivity, selectivity ratio, bacteria template

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