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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Attallah OA, Al-Ghobashy MA, Ayoub AT, Nebsen M
Article Title: Magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles for simultaneous extraction and determination of 6-mercaptopurine and its active metabolite thioguanine in human plasma.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A
Volume: 1561
Page numbers: 28-38.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2018.05.038
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021967318306368

Abstract: Cytotoxic drugs used in cancer chemotherapy require the continuous monitoring of their plasma concentration levels for dose adjustment purposes. Such condition necessitates the presence of a sensitive technique for accurate extraction and determination of these drugs together with their active metabolites. In this study a novel solid phase extraction technique using magnetic molecularly imprinted nanoparticles (MMI-SPE) is combined with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to extract and determine the anti-leukemic agent; 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and its active metabolite thioguanine (TG) in human plasma. The magnetic molecularly imprinted nanoparticles (Fe3O4@MIP NPs) were synthesized via precipitation polymerization technique and were characterized using different characterization methods. A computational approach was adopted to help in the choice of the monomer used in the fabrication process. The Fe3O4@MIPs NPs possessed a highly improved imprinting efficiency, fast adsorption kinetics following 2nd order kinetics and good adsorption capacity of 1.0 mg/g. The presented MMI-SPE provided the optimum approach in comparison to other reported ones to achieve good extraction recovery and matrix effect of trace levels of 6-MP and TG from plasma. Chromatographic separation was carried out using a validated LC-MS/MS assay and recovery, matrix effect and process efficiency were evaluated. Recovery of 6-MP and TG was in the range of 85.94-103.03%, while, matrix effect showed a mean percentage recovery of 85.94-97.62% and process efficiency of 85.54-96.18%. The proposed extraction technique is simple, effective and can be applicable to the extraction and analysis of other pharmaceutical compounds in complex matrices for therapeutic drug monitoring applications
Template and target information: 6-mercaptopurine, 6-MP, thioguanine, TG
Author keywords: molecular imprinting, Mercaptopurine, LC-MS, MS, Computational, Magnetic solid phase extraction


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