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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Mergola L, Orabona C, Albini E, Vasapollo G, Scorrano S, del Sole R
Article Title: Urinary l-kynurenine quantification and selective extraction through a molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction device.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Journal of Separation Science
Volume: 41
Issue: (16)
Page numbers: 3204-3212.
DOI: 10.1002/jssc.201800458

Abstract: l-Kynurenine is an endogenous metabolite generated by the catabolic pathway of l-tryptophan and it could be a potential biomarker to test the efficacy of several checkpoint inhibitors that have already reached the clinical trials in the antitumor therapy. Thus, a molecularly imprinted polymer specific for the recognition of this metabolite was synthesized and used as innovative system in solid-phase extraction technique for the specific extraction and quantification of l-kynurenine in human urine. The off-line system was firstly tested on l-kynurenine standard solutions, allowing recoveries up to 97.7% (relative standard deviation = 2.2%) and then applied to fortified and deproteinated human urine samples, where a recovery of 84.1% (relative standard deviation = 3.1%) was obtained. The method was validated and it revealed a good linearity in the range of 0.157-20 μg/mL (r2 = 0.9992). The optimized procedure demonstrated a good feasibility on biological samples, allowing a ready quantification of l-kynurenine in the human urine, where the metabolite was found at a very low concentration (0.80 μg/mL). The extraction system developed could attract attention of pharmaceutical industries for l-kynurenine production as potential drug in the treatment of autoimmune disorders through its extraction and purification from biological matrixes
Template and target information: l-kynurenine
Author keywords: biomarkers, human urine, l-kynurenine, Molecularly imprinted polymers, Solid-phase extraction


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