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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Jiao Z, Li JW, Mo LJ, Liang JM, Fan HB
Article Title: A molecularly imprinted chitosan doped with carbon quantum dots for fluorometric determination of perfluorooctane sulfonate.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Microchimica Acta
Volume: 185
Issue: (10)
Page numbers: ArticleNo473.
DOI: 10.1007/s00604-018-2996-y

Abstract: A molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) was fabricated for selective recognition of the highly persistent pollutant perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS). The MIP was prepared from chitosan and doped with fluorescent carbon quantum dots (CQDs). It was characterized by fluorescence spectrophotometry, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The fluorescence of the CQDs, best measured at excitation/emission wavelengths of 350/460 nm, is enhanced by PFOS, and the effect is much stronger for the MIP than for the nonimprinted polymer (NIP). The imprinting factor is 2.75. The method has good specificity over sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), sodium dodecyl sulfonate (SDS'), sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS), perfluorooctanesulfonyl fluoride (POSF), perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS) and 1-octanesulfonic acid sodium (OSA). Fluorescence increases linearly in the 20-200 pg L-1 POSF concentration range in aqueous solution. The method was applied to the determination of PFOS in spiked serum and urine samples. The limits of detection are 66 and 85 pg L-1 for serum and urine samples respectively. The recoveries ranged from to 81-98%, with relative standard deviations in the range of 1.8-8.2%. Compared with LC-MS/MS, this assay is more convenient since the material can be prepared flexibly and the method can be applied on-site
Template and target information: perfluorooctane sulfonate, PFOS
Author keywords: molecular imprinting, Chitosan hydrogel, PFOS, selective recognition, Fluorescence enhancement, Carbon quantum dots, Serum and urine samples

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