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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Xie J, Xiong J, Ding LS, Chen L, Zhou H, Liu L, Zhang ZF, Hu XM, Luo P, Qing LS
Article Title: A efficient method to identify cardioprotective components of Astragali Radix using a combination of molecularly imprinted polymers-based knockout extract and activity evaluation.
Publication date: 2018
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A
Volume: 1576
Page numbers: 10-18.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2018.09.027
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021967318311798

Abstract: Although herb medicines have become the major source for new drug discovery, many of them are largely under-explored due to the purity-activity relationship. Efficient identification of bioactive compounds in conventional stepwise separation and isolation has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, we proposed a new separation strategy for holism understanding of herb pharmacology using molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). Astragali Radix (AR), important in traditional Chinese medicine, was chosen in this study for multicomponent knockout followed by bioactivity evaluation. We prepared calycosin molecularly imprinted polymers (calycosin-MIPs) which could selectively recognize flavonoid aglycons in AR. The molecular selectivity of calycosin-MIPs as a critical parameter was evaluated using the template and other high content compounds in AR. Based on it, using the calycosin-MIPs material via solid-phase extraction procedures was applied for the knockout of flavonoid aglycons in AR. Finally, hypoxia/reoxygenation model in H9c2 cells was used to evaluate the activity of the AR extract before and after knockout. The results showed that calycosin-MIPs as recognition materials for flavonoid aglycons in AR are applied in one-step separation with high selectivity and tunability. The subextract in the absence of flavonoid aglycons has been demonstrated to clarify the cardio-protective components of AR. In conclusion, this proof-of-principle study is the first one showing that molecular imprinting technology coupled with a bioassay can be used to explore the bioactive variability from the perspective of multicomponent separation of herbal medicine
Template and target information: calycosin
Author keywords: Astragali Radix, Calycosin molecularly imprinted polymer, Chemical compounds' knockout, Hypoxia, reoxygenation model, Holistic evaluation

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