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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Feng SY, Lai EPC, Dabek-Zlotorzynska E, Sadeghi S
Article Title: Molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction for the screening of antihyperglycemic biguanides.
Publication date: 2004
Journal: Journal of Chromatography A
Volume: 1027
Issue: (1-2)
Page numbers: 155-160.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2003.11.042

Abstract: A new molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) was specifically synthesized as a smart material for the recognition of metformin hydrochloride in solid-phase extraction. Particles of this MIP were packed into a stainless-steel tubing (50 mm x 0.8 mm i.d.) equipped with an exit frit. This micro-column was employed in the development of a molecularly imprinted solid- phase extraction (MISPE) method for metformin determination. The MISPE instrumentation consisted of a micrometer pump, an injector valve equipped with a 20-mul sample loop, a UV detector, and an integrator. With CH3CN as the mobile phase flowing at 0.5 ml/min, 95 +/- 2% binding could be achieved for 1200 ng of metformin from one injection of a phosphate-buffered sample solution (pH 2.5). Methanol + 3% trifluoroacetic acid was good for quantitative pulsed elution (PE) of the bound metformin. The MISPE-PE method, with UV detection at 240 nm, afforded a detection limit of 16 ng (or 0.8 mug/ml) for metformin. However, the micro-column interacted indiscriminately with phenformin with a 49 +/- 2% binding. A systematic investigation of binding selectivity was conducted with respect to sample composition (including the solvent, matrix, pH, buffer and surfactant effects). An intermediate step of differential pulsed elution used acetonitrile with 5% picric acid to remove phenformin and other structural analogues. A final pulsed elution of metformin for direct UV detection was achieved using 3% trifluoroacetic acid in methanol. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved


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