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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Trammell SA, Zeinali M, Melde BJ, Charles PT, Velez FL, Dinderman MA, Kusterbeck A, Markowitz MA
Article Title: Nanoporous Organosilicas as Preconcentration Materials for the Electrochemical Detection of Trinitrotoluene.
Publication date: 2008
Journal: Analytical Chemistry
Volume: 80
Issue: (12)
Page numbers: 4627-4633.
DOI: 10.1021/ac702263t

Abstract: Abstract: We describe the use of nanoporous organosilicas for rapid preconcentration and extraction of trinitrotoluene (TNT) for electrochemical analysis and demonstrate the effect of template-directed molecular imprinting on TNT adsorption. The relative effects of the benzene (BENZ)- and diethylbenzene (DEB)-bridged organicinorganic polymers, having narrow or broad pore size distributions, respectively, on electrochemical response and desorption behavior were examined. Sample volumes of 0.510 mL containing 51000 ppb TNT in a phosphate-buffered saline buffer were preconcentrated in-line before the detector using a microcolumn containing 10 mg of imprinted BENZ or DEB. Square-wave voltammetry was used to detect the first reduction peak of TNT in an electrochemical flow cell using a carbon working electrode and a Ag/AgCl reference electrode. Imprinted BENZ released TNT faster than imprinted DEB with considerably less peak tailing and displayed enhanced sensitivity and an improvement in the limit of detection (LOD) owing to more rapid elution of TNT from that material with increasing signal amplitude. For imprinted BENZ, the slope of signal versus concentration scaled linearly with increasing preconcentration volume, and for preconcentrating 10 mL of sample, the LOD for TNT was estimated to be 5 ppb. Template-directed molecularly imprinted DEB (TDMI-DEB) was 7-fold more efficient in adsorption of TNT from aqueous contaminated soil extract than nonimprinted DEB
Template and target information: trinitrotoluene, TNT


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