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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Díaz-Alvarez M, Turiel E, Martín-Esteban A
Article Title: Selective sample preparation for the analysis of (fluoro)quinolones in baby food: molecularly imprinted polymers versus anion-exchange resins.
Publication date: 2009
Journal: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume: 393
Issue: (3)
Page numbers: 899-905.
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-008-2300-9

Abstract: Abstract: In this work, an analytical method for simultaneous analysis of several quinolones (cinoxacin, oxolinic acid, nalidixic acid, and flumequine) and fluoroquinolones (norfloxacin, enrofloxacin, enoxacin, ciprofloxacin, and danofloxacin) in baby-food samples is described for the first time. The method is based on isolation of these analytes by ultrasound-assisted extraction procedure followed by a solid-phase extraction sample clean-up step and final determination of the analytes by HPLC using UV detection. For the extraction step, 2 g baby food was mixed with methanol in a centrifuge tube and one single extraction cycle of 15 min at room temperature was carried out. After centrifugation, supernatant was collected and two different solid-phase extraction procedures were developed and evaluated for sample clean-up. The first was based on use of strong anion-exchange cartridges whereas the second was based on use of a ciprofloxacin-imprinted polymer. Both sample clean-up procedures had their own advantages and drawbacks, and the analytical performance and applicability of each procedure was established and properly discussed. The anion-exchange resin-based method enabled simultaneous determination of quinolones and fluoroquinolones, reaching limits of detection ranging from 0.03 to 0.11 ?g g?1. In contrast, the use of a ciprofloxacin-imprinted polymer did provide selectivity towards fluoroquinolones, leading to chromatograms free from co-extractives reaching limits of detection one order of magnitude lower than those obtained by the first approach
Template and target information: fluoroquinolones, norfloxacin, enrofloxacin, enoxacin, ciprofloxacin, danofloxacin
Author keywords: Baby food, (Fluoro)quinolones, Ultrasound-assisted extraction, Sample clean-up, Anion exchanger, molecularly imprinted polymer


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