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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Kirsch N, Hedin-Dahlström J, Henschel H, Whitcombe MJ, Wikman S, Nicholls IA
Article Title: Molecularly imprinted polymer catalysis of a Diels-Alder reaction.
Publication date: 2009
Journal: Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic
Volume: 58
Issue: (1-4)
Page numbers: 110-117.
DOI: 10.1016/j.molcatb.2008.12.002
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TGN-4V4KR28-1/2/fe1f2ccbebd2f2ac1dc1cbaaa70af0e7

Abstract: A series of synthetic polymers were designed and synthesized for enhancing the rate of the Diels-Alder cycloaddition reaction of 1,3-butadiene carbamic acid benzyl ester (1) and N,N-dimethyl acrylamide (2), to yield the corresponding endo- (3) and exo- (4) reaction products. Putative transition state analogues (TSAs) for the endo- (5) and exo- (6) reaction pathways were used as templates for the synthesis of molecularly imprinted methacrylic acid (MAA)-divinylbenzene (DVB) copolymers. The polymer system utilized was selected based upon a series of 1H NMR studies of complex formation between template and a functional monomer analogue (Kd (app) ~70 mM, d8-toluene, 293 K). Batch binding studies revealed that the imprinted polymers were selective for the TSA corresponding to the template used in the polymer synthesis. Studies on the influence of the polymers on the catalysis of the reaction of 1 and 2 demonstrated a 20-fold enhancement of the rate of the reaction relative to the solution reaction. A surprising temperature dependence of the reaction of 1 and 2 in the presence of the polymers was observed, which provides support for the role of template-functional monomer complexes in the catalysis of the Diels-Alder reaction
Template and target information: TSA, transition state analogue
Author keywords: Diels-Alder, Enzyme mimic, molecularly imprinted polymer, transition state analogue


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