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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Li ZC, Fan HT, Zhang Y, Chen MX, Yu ZY, Cao XQ, Sun T
Article Title: Cd(II)-imprinted polymer sorbents prepared by combination of surface imprinting technique with hydrothermal assisted sol-gel process for selective removal of cadmium(II) from aqueous solution.
Publication date: 2011
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal
Volume: 171
Issue: (2)
Page numbers: 703-710.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2011.05.023
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S138589471100578X

Abstract: A new ion-imprinted thiocyanato-functionalized silica gel sorbents was synthesized by the combination of a surface imprinting technique with a hydrothermal-assisted sol-gel process with Cd(II) as the template, 3-thiocyanatopropyltriethoxysilane (TCPTS) as the functional monomer, and epichlorohydrin as the cross-linking agent (IIP-TCPTS/SiO2) for the selective removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solution. The Cd(II)-imprinted thiocyanato-functionalized silica sorbents was characterized by FTIR, SEM, nitrogen adsorption and the static adsorption-desorption experiment method. The results showed that the maximum static adsorption capacity of IIP-TCPTS/SiO2 sorbents prepared by hydrothermal heating method was 2.3 times as much as the conventional heating method. The IIP-TCPTS/SiO2 sorbents offered a fast kinetics for the adsorption and desorption of Cd(II). The static uptake capacity and selectivity coefficient of IIP-TCPTS/SiO2 sorbents were higher than those of the non-imprinted sorbents. IIP-TCPTS/SiO2 sorbents had a substantial binding capacity in the range of pH 4.2-8.6 and could be used repeatedly. The Langmuir adsorption model was more favorable than the Freundlich adsorption model. Kinetic studies indicated that the adsorption followed a pseudo-second-order model. Various thermodynamic parameters such as Δ G, Δ H and Δ S were evaluated with results indicating that this system was a spontaneous and endothermic process. The results showed that IIP-TCPTS/SiO2 sorbents could be employed as an effective material for the selective removal of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions
Template and target information: cadmium ion, Cd(II)
Author keywords: cadmium, ion imprinted polymer, sol-gel, Hydrothermal-assisted, 3-Thiocyanatopropyltriethoxysilane


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