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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Liu X, Wang XC, Tan F, Zhao HX, Quan X, Chen JW, Li LJ
Article Title: An electrochemically enhanced solid-phase microextraction approach based on molecularly imprinted polypyrrole/multi-walled carbon nanotubes composite coating for selective extraction of fluoroquinolones in aqueous samples.
Publication date: 2012
Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta
Volume: 727
Issue: (1)
Page numbers: 26-33.
DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2012.03.054
Alternative URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003267012004977

Abstract: In this study, an electrochemically enhanced solid-phase microextraction (EE-SPME) approach based on molecularly imprinted polypyrrole/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MIPPy/MWCNTs) composite coating on Pt wire was developed for selective extraction of fluoroquinolone antibiotics (FQs) in aqueous samples. During the extraction, a direct current potential was applied to the MIPPy/MWCNTs/Pt fiber as working electrode in a standard three-electrode system, FQ ions suffered electrophoretic transfer to the coating surface and then entered into the shape-complimentary cavities by hydrogen-bonding and ion-exchange interactions. After EE-SPME extraction, the fiber was desorbed with desorption solvent for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. Some parameters influencing EE-SPME extraction such as applied potential, extraction time, solution pH, ionic strength, and desorption solvent were optimized. EE-SPME showed good selectivity and higher extraction efficiency to FQs compared with that of traditional solid-phase microextraction. EE-SPME coupled with HPLC to determine FQs in water samples, the limits of detection (S/N = 3) for the selected FQs are 0.5 - 1.9 μg L-1. The proposed method was successfully used to the analysis of FQs spiked urine and soil samples, with recoveries of 85.1 - 94.2% for the urine samples and 89.8 - 95.5% for the soil samples.
Template and target information: fluoroquinolone antibiotics, FQs, Gatifloxacin, GAT, balofloxcacin, BAL, enrofloxacin, ENR, norfloxacin, NOR, sarafloxacin, SAR
Author keywords: solid-phase microextraction, molecularly imprinted polymer, Fluoroquinolones, high-performance liquid chromatography, polypyrrole


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