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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Zhang YH, Zhang AL, Zhou JT, Sun XY
Article Title: Characterization and thermodynamic properties of Cu(II) imprinted chitosan crosslinked membrane.
Publication date: 2012
Journal: Environmental Science
Volume: 33
Issue: (7)
Page numbers: 2403-2409.
Alternative URL: http://www.hjkx.ac.cn/hjkx/ch/reader/view_abstract.aspx?file_no=20120736&flag=1

Abstract: A new type of Cu(II)-imprinted chitosan crosslinked membrane (IM Cu(II)-E-CTS) was prepared via molecular imprinting technology, chemical pre-crosslinking and crosslinking methods for treatment of wastewater containing low concentration of copper ion. IM Cu(II)-E-CTS was characterized by porosity, swelling ratio, amino group content, surface morphology, functional group and crystallinity. The thermodynamic properties of Cu (II) adsorption on the as-synthesized membrane at the low concentration (20-70 mg L-1) were studied. It is found that porosity, swelling ratio and amino group contents of IM Cu(II)-E-CTS are 76.9%, 109% and 4.26 mmol g-1, respectively. Compared to the pristine chitosan membrane (CTS), 44.0% lower swelling ratio, 528% higher of porosity, 16.5% lower of amino group content are found with IM Cu(II)-E-CTS. Compared to crosslinked chitosan membranes (E-CTS), 24.6% higher amino group content is found with IM Cu(II)-E-CTS. Compared to CTS and E-CTS, the membrane morphology of IM Cu(II)-E-CTS has undergone significant changes, and the internal structure became loose. Compared with CTS, molecular chain of IM Cu(II)-E-CTS is irregular and its crystallinity ability is lowered. IM Cu(II)-E-CTS adsorbs more Cu(II) than that of the other two metal cations [Ni(II) and Zn(II)]. The adsorption of copper ion on IM Cu(II)-E-CTS for 20-70 mg L-1 of initial Cu(II) concentration follows the Freundlich adsorption isotherm(R 2 > 0.99). The adsorption is a spontaneous, exothermic, and entropy-decreased process
Template and target information: copper ion, Cu(II)
Author keywords: adsorption, characterization, Imprinted chitosan crosslinked membrane, thermodynamics

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