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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Peissker F, Fischer L
Article Title: Crosslinking of imprinted proteases to maintain a tailor-made substrate selectivity in aqueous solutions.
Publication date: 1999
Journal: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Volume: 7
Page numbers: 2231-2237.
DOI: 10.1016/S0968-0896(99)00156-X

Abstract: A covalent method to keep imprinted properties of proteins stable in aqueous as well as in organic environment is described. To stabilize the ligand induced acceptance for D-configured substrates by alpha- chymotrypsin or subtilisin Carlsberg, each protein was first vinylated by acylation with itaconic anhydride. Then, the tailoring of the derivatized proteins by precipitation in the presence of N- acetyl-D-tryptophan from an aqueous medium with l-propanol, and the subsequent crosslinking of the enzyme preparations with ethylene glycol dimethacrylate in cyclohexane was carried out. The crosslinked imprinted proteins (CLIPs) obtained catalyzed the hydrolysis of N- acetyl-D-tryptophan ethyl eater in phosphate buffer and the corresponding back reaction in cyclohexane, respectively. The repeated use of CLIP-alpha-chymotrypsin in D-ester hydrolysis was demonstrated. Furthermore, this particular CLIP-alpha-chymotrypsin showed no loss in activity when it subsequently was used in the synthesis of N-acetyl-D-tryptophan ethyl ester in cyclohexane again. In the case of D-ester hydrolysis the reaction rate acceleration (k(enz)/k(nonenz)) was in the same order of magnitude of about 10(4) -10(5) mM(-1) for the two CLIP-proteases. The results suggest that enzymes tailored by imprinting technique do not lose their induced ''new'' property in the presence of water when they are prepared according to the described vinylation/crosslinking method (CLIP technique). (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved

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