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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Wu JB, Zang SY, Yi YL
Article Title: Sol-gel derived ion imprinted thiocyanato-functionalized silica gel as selective adsorbent of cadmium(II).
Publication date: 2013
Journal: Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
Volume: 66
Issue: (3)
Page numbers: 434-442.
DOI: 10.1007/s10971-013-3029-2

Abstract: A Cd(II)-imprinted thiocyanato-functionalized silica gel adsorbent with high adsorption capacity was prepared by surface imprinting technique combined with sol-gel process for the selective adsorption of Cd(II) ion in aqueous solution, and was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, nitrogen gas sorption and thermogravimetric analysis. The influences of different conditions (such as the pH of solutions, the contact time and the initial concentrations of Cd(II) ions) on the adsorption capacity of Cd(II) were investigated. The optimum pH of adsorption was in the range of 4-8.5. The adsorption equilibrium could be reached in 20 min. The relatively selectivity coefficients of the imprinted silica were higher than those of the non-imprinted adsorbents. HoGÇÖs pseudo-second-order model well described the kinetics of the adsorption reaction. The adsorption process of metals followed Redlich-Peterson isotherm model, and the experimental value of maximum adsorption capacity for Cd(II) was 72.8 mg g-1. The positive value of Δ H o suggested endothermic nature of Cd(II) adsorption on the imprinted silica adsorbent. Increase in entropy of adsorption reaction was shown by the positive value of Δ S o and the negative value of Δ G o indicating that the adsorption was spontaneous in nature
Template and target information: cadmium ion, Cd(II)
Author keywords: Ion imprinted, sol-gel, Silica gel functionalization, Cd(II) Adsorption

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