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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Hong YS, Chen LG
Article Title: Extraction of Anthraquinones from Rhubarb by a Molecularly Imprinted-Matrix Solid-Phase Dispersion Method with HPLC Detection.
Publication date: 2013
Journal: Analytical Letters
Volume: 46
Issue: (14)
Page numbers: 2235-2252.
DOI: 10.1080/00032719.2013.798797

Abstract: A simple method based on matrix solid-phase dispersion for selective extraction of anthraquinones from rhubarb samples was developed using a molecularly imprinted polymer as sorbent. The molecularly imprinted polymer was prepared using emodin as the template molecule, methacrylic acid as the functional monomer, and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as the cross-linking agent. The polymer was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry. Isothermal adsorption and dynamic adsorption experiments were performed. The best extraction conditions for anthraquinones were obtained at a ratio of molecularly imprinted polymer to sample of 1:1, a dispersion time of 5 minutes, with 5% aqueous methanol as the washing solvent, and an elution solvent of methanol-acetic acid (99:1, v/v). Once the matrix solid-phase dispersion process was optimized, the extract was reacted with 8% hydrochloric acid for hydrolysis. The anthraquinones extracted from rhubarb were determined by liquid chromatography. The detection limits of chrysophanol, emodin, physcion, and aloe-emodin were 0.23, 0.24, 0.28, and 0.27 μg mL-1, respectively. The proposed method was compared with the method in Chinese pharmacopoeia, and the results show that the extraction yield of anthraquinones obtained by molecularly imprinted polymer-matrix solid-phase dispersion method was higher. Moreover, the proposed method is faster and simpler and can achieve extraction and purification in the same system
Template and target information: anthraquinones, chrysophanol, emodin, physcion, aloe-emodin
Author keywords: Anthraquinones, liquid chromatography, Matrix solid-phase dispersion, molecularly imprinted polymer, Rhubarb

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