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Reference type: Journal
Authors: Noee S, Salimraftar N, Abdouss M, Riazi G
Article Title: Imprinted microspheres and nanoparticles with diclofenac sodium: effect of solvent on the morphology and recognition properties.
Publication date: 2013
Journal: Polymer International
Volume: 62
Issue: (12)
Page numbers: 1711-1716.
DOI: 10.1002/pi.4471

Abstract: To achieve suitable properties for specific applications, we synthesized diclofenac sodium (Ds) imprinted polymer beads with controllable size in the range of around 145 nm to 3 -Ám in diameter by the precipitation polymerization method using methacrylic acid as functional monomer, trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate as crosslinker and azobisisobutyronitrile as initiator. We analyzed the effect of the porogenic solvent on the morphology and recognition of particles. SEM analysis showed some dissimilarity in appearance of the imprinted polymers. The specific surface areas were 246 m2 g-1 and 260 m2 g-1 for imprinted polymers prepared in a mixture of tetrahydrofuran/acetonitrile (MIP1) and tetrahydrofuran/toluene (MIP2) respectively, which were in good agreement with the binding capacities of 150.4 mg g-1 for MIP1 and 280.4 mg g-1 for MIP2, but the imprinted nanoparticles with a specific selectivity factor of 1.5 had a better recognition property to Ds than the analog template meclofenamate sodium monohydrate (Ms) and also faster rebinding kinetics or greater accessibility of Ds. Finally the imprinted microspheres were successfully applied as a solid phase extraction sorbent for the extraction of Ds from human urine with limits of detection and quantification of 0.085 mg L-1 and 0.227 mg L-1, respectively. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry
Template and target information: diclofenac sodium, Ds
Author keywords: molecular imprinting, diclofenac sodium, morphology, solvent effect, solid phase extraction, nanoparticles

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